Source: Evening Bishkek. Bermet Malikova / 1.9.14
The school system in Kyrgyzstan is in a state of frustration. She dissatisfied with everything – parents, students, teachers.
Undertaken by the government reform and attempts to increase teachers’ salaries only superficially solved the problem. The outflow of staff from schools continues. Older teachers leave and new do not come. In the future, it may happen that there will be no one to teach our children.
Recently, the association “Union of educational institutions” and the NGO “Samurg” held a round table on the problems of school education with school principals, representatives of the Ministry of Education, the City Hall of Bishkek. analysis of the current situation was given to the Magisterium and shows the best model of school education abroad, have proven successful.
President of the Association Gaysha Ibrahimov noted: teaching – is a special category, and its quality directly from the development of the country depends.
– The teacher has a hard work ethic. He can not go on strike, can not climbeth over the fence, “the White House” can not humiliate and insult the officials. Every day he looks into the eyes of children. If society does not understand the importance of the teacher as a whole, he is aware of its responsibility and can not use the tools impacts that have proven most effective in our society. So we have one path – the legal framework, transparency and awareness of the society and the government need to change the situation in the education system, and in school education in particular. Only decent teacher can prepare a decent citizen – said Ibragimov.
As noted Gaysha Ibragimov in 2011, teachers were forced to hold a meeting and require support. The president promised to raise the salary doubled by reducing the curriculum. It was a government decree adopted in this regard, inspired teaching, there was a hope to improve the situation.
The deficit of teachers – a disaster for the country
By 2014, the new trend of outflow of the teaching staff of the schools. NSC data and analysis show that from 2005 to 2010 there was decline in the number of teachers to 67 thousand people. After the increase in the salary of the teacher in 2011, back to school, their number in 2012 has reached more than 75 thousand. However, in 2013, nearly a thousand teachers returned to the trade.
Experts estimate that in 2140 schools across the country shortage of personnel is 60 per cent. The plight of a primary school. For example, the lack of primary school teachers in the Jalal-Abad region is 24 per cent, while in Talas – 50. Every third teacher in the retirement age republic.
Although there are specialized pedagogical universities, but those of their ends, do not go to work in the school. If in a few years a generation of teachers trained in the Soviet era who are now 50-60 years old, will leave the school, actually teach students there will be nobody.
At the same time, according to statistics, the country has 36,200 former teachers with experience and education, but they do not want to work in the school, considering this humiliating and low-paid labor.
– We must understand that the teacher – a source of economic growth, prosperity and quality of life. We have no future if we do not change the situation now with the school. The advantage that we had after the collapse of the Soviet Union, with frames hardening already abolished. Instead, no one comes, – said Gaysha Ibragimov.
They are underpaid in schools
Particularly affected elementary school teacher – they reduced the greatest number of hours.
Even worse is the situation in Bishkek. – City Kenesh decided that there is no need to indulge teachers high salaries. Solving the problem of the budget deficit under conditions of higher wages, the municipality removed the surcharges and allowances City Kenesh 120 million, have been particularly affected status best schools in the city that gave quality – there were removed 50 percent surcharge for the status of teachers.
If the whole country the average salary of teachers in 2012 after raising increased by 2.2 times, in Bishkek – only 1.6 times.
For comparison: in the administrative and technical staff of schools it has increased 3.4 times, from health-care workers – 2.7.
In 2014, the situation with the payment of teachers working even more aggravated, because this year the cost of salaries of employees of schools approved by another 170 million less than in 2013. In addition, under-funding of the budget in 2014 is still 85 million soms.
education sector financing growth occurs annually. In 2006, expenditures amounted to 5.9 billion soms, and in 2013 – 24 billion. But redistribution is in other areas. The percentage of schools budget has declined from 64 percent in the 8 to 51 years.
In 2012, government funding of training per student on average were 1.5 times less than in the kindergarten, almost 4 times less than in vocational schools, and 6 times less than in high schools.
During 2011-2012 years due to reduction of the curriculum has been saved 453 million soms, which were supposed to be, according to the village
Link to source: VB.KG